The Counters Blog


Advantage defoamers are especially effective for use in building applications such as synthetic plasters, tile adhesives and joint compounds. This property, combined with its “protective colloid” action, gives it outstanding dual functionality in oil-in-water emulsions (stabilizer and emulsifier) and in whipped products (stabilizer and whipping aid). It is easily dissolved in cold or hot water, resulting in clear solutions. It also has good solubility in hydro-alcohol systems with up to 60 percent alcohol.

Differentiated by their viscosity, they have thickening, stabilization and water-retention properties. Each grade is surface active with low surface and interfacial tensions of solutions. They are recommended for use in adjuvants, in seed coatings and in emulsion stabilization. They function as wetting agents and can replace isopropyl alcohol in some systems. When used in fountain solutions, they can help prevent emulsification, bleeding of the ink and can provide more uniform wetting of the printing plate. They are recommended to fine-tune the anti-sagging properties, workability and consistency of dry mortars such as tile cements, plasters and renders and to increase the yield and water demand of these systems.

Finished product clarity may be achieved even at relatively high use levels. Organic solvents are also vehicles for applying this polymer as a film coating. Applied hiding is often enhanced due to the superior flow and leveling that helps to eliminate brush marks. Tinted paint viscosity is more predictable and the superior sag resistance is retained, even after deep tinting. Ashland’s chemists and engineers continue to tailor-make various grades and types to meet the needs of specific customers and industries requiring water-soluble polymers. In addition, they generate defect-free electrodes from a water-based slurry. In-cell, the electrochemistry performance ensures effective electrolyte penetration, high charge capacity, coulombic efficiency and good cycle performance with high capacity retention. Besides modifying the behavior of water, cellulose gum is useful in suspending solids and modifying the flow and texture. In beverage concentrates (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) and powdered drink mixes, cellulose gum adds pleasant, clean mouthfeel. By reducing the coating time using high-solids formulations, productivity is increased and overall manufacturing costs are reduced.

It is also used for solvency, adhesion enhancement and solubility in paints and coatings and printing inks. Styling effects are long-lasting even in a high humidity environment. It is extremely surface-active and its low surface and interfacial tensions in solution make it a premier whipping aid.

Both grades can be used in suspended concentrates, suspo-emulsions, soluble powders, wettable powders and water-dispersible granules. Comprised of 30% solids dispersed, it prevents sedimentation. Ambergum polymers are produced from reliable and stable raw material sources. They have been shown to be compatible and to maintain unsurpassed finished product clarity with a wide variety of both anionic and amphoteric surfactant blends. It is useful for water-based drilling fluids as well as in low-density brines. It delivers excellent high-humidity curl retention with good curl memory. The many important functions provided by this polymer make it a preferred thickener, suspending aid, stabilizer, binder and film-former in a growing variety of applications.

Aqualon cellulose gum has the ability to form strong, oil-resistant films. The pharmaceutical industry is moving from traditional batch manufacturing to continuous manufacturing, which can save money by reducing waste, eliminating loss from failed batches and cutting inventory overhead costs. These film coatings are applicable to both pharmaceutical and nutraceutical solid dosage forms.

To maximize the efficiency of the coating application process, high-solids loadings are desirable.

Orange Vinegar A “Green” Cleaner The Fountain Avenue Kitchen by

They offer convenient ways to scour, deodorize, remove stains, and more. For some people, however, the pungent smell of vinegar is off-putting. The resounding feedback is that people like to cook and clean with vinegar and they enjoy the ease with which this green cleaner benefits from a little orange. If your oranges are small and you can fit another peel, feel free to add it. Store the jar in a cupboard or another cool, dark place for two weeks.

Just choose one with a tight-fitting lid, and then fill it with peels and cover with vinegar. I have used vinegar to clean our granite countertops for years with no ill effect, but some people recommend against doing so. So nice when easy, inexpensive and natural really work!

I buy a gallon or 2 of vinegar and use almost anything for fragrance. In my “experiment,” after two weeks with the amount specified, the orange scent was definitely more pronounced than the vinegar smell.

You could try the orange peel trick starting with 50% water, 50% vinegar.

Vinegar is also great for smelly dogs after a bath you can spritz em rub it in and dry them it’ll help remove any odor. I don’t think your doing anythign wrong, vinegar just has a very strong odor. I was at a store yesterday and a man that works in the store told me that his wife uses that to clean her bathroom and it just melts the hard water spots away. I haven’t mixed vinegar with dish soap, but it’s certainly worth a try.

Dried orange peel is a great fire starter because of the concentrated oils!

I may try it with cider vinegar too since that doesn’t smell quite as strong. Steeping it in the alcohol/water mixture is a great thought, too. I also use vinegar as an anti-itch agent for mosquito bites and bee stings, but the smell is a real turn-off. My plan is to then simmer carefully the vodka to evaporate it off–should leave a bit of orange oil behind. Is it not wonderful that other brains are always helping us out in this amazing technical world. Maybe adding some to the vinegar will turn a clean room into an energizing one!

Basic household items like baking soda, toothpaste, lemons, and vinegar have long been used for purposes beyond the obvious. What’s more, they do this without the use of harsh chemicals and for a fraction of the cost of many store-bought cleaners. Readers have mentioned making versions with clementine, lemon, and lime peels and have noted the many ways they use vinegar in their household cleaning.

There are various questions and a few funny stories thrown into the mix. In this case, feel free to include the ways you put basic household products to work beyond their intended use. Pour the vinegar into the jar to cover the peels and close tightly. Then remove the orange peels and transfer the vinegar to a spray bottle. Also, feel free to experiment with peels from other citrus fruits. If you are unsure as to whether vinegar should be used on a particular surface, test it in an inconspicuous spot.

It’s amazing the money you can save with vinegar, plant blossoms from you yard, rinds from kids breakfast fruits, and sometimes some exerciser.

When using cucumber do you use the peels or the veggie part too?

Realistically, there is very little oil per squirt, so that is probably why there is no perceptible residue, even once evaporation occurs.

Let me know how you make out and thanks for the comments! This is one of those times where patience is a virtue!

It is the green tinted liquid next to the alcohol and peroxide at the drugstore. This would be perfect, since insects don’t like citrus, it would act as a repellant as well!

It works but the rosemary can get a little “pitchy” smelling so it does not need to soak that long. As for adding cloves to the vinegar, that has an additional benefit of making it antimicrobial (which is why cloves were used in the first place; to preserve meat). This would eliminate any powdered residue when cleaning with the vinegar later.

How To Graph Data For A Science Fair Project by

Your basic choices are bar graph, line graph, pie chart, or scatter plot. You may select a bar graph when your independent variable is qualitative (categories) or quantitative (numbers). This might not be intuitive if you collected by trial, but it is the better way to showcase your results.

You should only select a line graph if your independent variable is quantitative (numbers) and you hypothesized that the changes in the independent variable would result in changes in the dependent one. On a graph, where would the control group and the constant of the experiment be, respectively?

If you only measured growth one time at the end, then you could do a bar graph showing the total growth attained. If you measured growth several times over the course of the time you let them grow, then you could do a line graph showing growth (y-axis) over time (x-axis).

I did which product affects the decaying of apple slices the most. The salt slowed down the decaying the most, and the baking soda sped it up the most. In other words, how did you get to the conclusion that the salt slowed down the decaying the most?

Alternatively she might be able to re-phrase the question looking at how long (time is a quantitative variable) does it take to get to a certain level of staining and then compare “time” as a proxy for “stains the most”. If she didn’t measure the time but noted which conditions made the egg go in faster, she could make a table and rank them slow, medium, fast. If you only have a yes/no as to color, then you can not make a graph.

Can we do a line graph for this and how would it be done?

At best you can do a bar graph to show what % of the 20 trials were yes, but if you don’t have a control group, then you would only have 1 bar.

How would you recommend that we graph this and which graph would be good to use?

If yes, make two graphs (one for each) but if not, average the results (or present two bars per flower type) on the bar graph. I used soy sauce, baking soda, meat tenderizer hammer and a control that did not have anything done to it. You would need to convert the “ranks” into numbers, just set a scale from least (1) to most (5?) and then average the numbers. You want more than a yes/no answer of did it work or not otherwise it is still just a demonstration and not an experiment. For example, line graphs are great for showing changes in the dependent variable over time or distance along a transect. This option typically requires much more data than the others to observe a trend.

Hope that helps, if not – ask a more specific question – what help do you need? One in the house with a set temp of 76 degrees, and the other in the garage at random temps. You are very thoughtful to help in this way!

Choose 4 sodas placed teeth in each measuring 600ml watching changes to each tooth over a 5 d ay period to observe which soda caused the quickest decay. If you have a quantitative dependent (time, weight, size, etc.) then that will go on your y-axis with type of soda on your x-axis.

I will be testing the wind every morning for 7 days and then compare the wind activity for the same seven days last year. Based on what you have provided, it sounds like you want to compare this year’s 7 days to last year’s 7 days. You can use excel to make a graph, but it will be hard for me to explain how if you aren’t familiar with excel. I wanted to note the sugar weight and how that effected floating and sinking of regular sodas versus diet sodas (containing small amounts of aspertame). You might need a rating scale for each soda, for example, you shouldn’t use a staining scale made with a cola to evaluate an orange soda. For example the time it took to first see color, or some measure of “how blue” each flower was.

I would suggest making a table and including photographs to show the differences between the color in each flower as a function of how much food coloring was in the tube. We did two experiments, one set of flowers in one cup of water and one set with 1/2 cup of water for two weeks. Then you would make a bar graph with flower type on the x-axis and time on the y-axis. They decided which one was most tender down to the least tender. You could do a bar graph with “treatment” on the x-axis (control, soy sauce, meat tend., and hammer) and then the “average” rank on the y-axis.

I would also include a data table showing the each of the 5 friends ranks for each of the 5 treatments (set up a 5 by 5 table). I should put as their title, for example, where you put treatment. You can try measuring brightness (you would need a light meter) or time (see if one lasts longer than the other – but that could be a long time to wait; and they would need to be the same size) or something else.


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