Viscose is often touted as a sustainable alternative to cotton or polyester and is popular in the fashion industry as a cheaper and more durable alternative to silk.
This cellulose material is then dissolved in a chemical solution to produce a pulpy viscous substance, which is then spun into fibres that can then be made into threads.
As a plant-based fibre, viscose is not inherently toxic or polluting.
This is a highly polluting process and releases many toxic chemicals into the air and waterways surrounding production plants.
The production of viscose is contributing to the rapid depletion of the world’s forests, which are being cleared to make way for pulpwood plantations.
Fast-fashion giants are placing pressure on manufacturers to produce and distribute clothes at ever-increasing speeds and cheaper costs.
Big brands have the money and power to step up and encourage responsible and sustainable manufacturing, but we are yet to see enough meaningful action.
Keep in mind that some natural materials such as regular cotton and wool have their own ethical issues regarding environmental sustainability, labour rights and animal welfare.
When you do want to add to your wardrobe, buying secondhand is a great way to form your own unique style!
Download our app to discover ethical brands and see how your favourites measure up.
It’s a semi-synthetic fibre that is made from trees – but that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s any better for the environment, or for you.
The wood pulp that viscose is made from is manufactured by treating it with sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and carbon disulphide, which is then filtered and spun into a fine thread.
What’s more, dissolving-pulp wastes approximately 70% of the tree and is a chemically intensive manufacturing process.
Concerns have also been raised regarding the devastating impact of wood pulp production on forests, people and vulnerable animal populations.
It is estimated that around 30% of rayon and viscose used in fashion is made from pulp sourced from endangered and ancient forests.
This encourages these unsustainable social and environmental practices.
Red Sparrow Red Sparrow Trilogy Series 1 By Jason Matthews Paperback by barnesandnoble.com
The familiar fear of failing, of not excelling, disappeared.
Ignore the cold that wraps around your chest, pushing tight.
He smelled the bitterness of diesel fumes and burning coal in the air and, from some unseen exhaust vent, the loamy aroma of beet soup cooking.
Nate rounded the corner and started down the narrow street, apartment buildings on either side, the uneven sidewalk lined with trees now bare and blown with snow.
And one or two had displayed a terrifying langueur, a potentially fatal disinterest in being professional.
There was something, an edge, a focus, an aggression in pursuit of doing the thing correctly.
He had bushy white eyebrows, which matched his full head of wavy white hair, giving him the appearance of an elegant boulevardier.
This was as much a conversation between two human beings as a debriefing.
They both knew there could be no contact, a bitter necessity, for fear of contamination with metka, spy dust.
They used covcom to transmit fast-breaking news and to keep contact warm during the gaps between personal meetings.
It was natural for an agent to think about retiring, to dream about the end to the danger and the double life, to stop listening for the knock on the door.
The older man looked down at the sidewalk as they walked along the darkened street.
The only thing remaining was to schedule the next personal meeting three months from now.
Nate had banged his knee on the pavement when he rolled, and it had stiffened up in the first hours, but now it was as numb as the rest of him.
When he was on the street working against them, there was no doubt, no introspection.
Focus on the middle distance, look for repeat pedestrians and vehicles.
The zing of the electric buses running on the overhead wires, the hiss of car tires on wet pavement, the crackling of coal dust underfoot.
He did not delude himself as to the nature of the system he was serving, and he had grown to loathe the charade, but he was a professional and loyal.
At the far end of the street, silhouetted in the light from the intersection beyond, a familiar shape turned the corner and began walking toward him.
Nate was average height and thin-framed, with straight black hair over a straight nose and brown eyes that kept moving, glancing over the older man’s shoulder as he approached, watchful rather than jittery.
He had begun using the familiar “uncle,” part tradecraft to show respect, part a display of real affection.
The two began walking together in the shadows cast by the trees along the sidewalk.
But these brief encounters, mortally risky, were infinitely more productive.
I have also included a new office directory in the second disc.
How To Clean Marble Stains Fast And Easy | Duration 8 Minutes 57 Seconds
And a schedule of my foreign travel plans for the next year.
Inexorably, problems in a case always rebounded to the handling officer, problems he didn’t need.
Batteries passed, discs received, summary included, foreign travel schedule.
Athens by en.wikipedia.org
Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 7000 years.
Athens’ climate is alternation between prolonged hot and dry summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall.
Rebetiko is admired by many, and as a result rebetadika are often crammed with people of all ages who will sing, dance and drink till dawn.
The zoo is home to around 2000 animals representing 400 species, and is open 365 days a year.
In the 1980s it became evident that smog from factories and an ever-increasing fleet of automobiles, as well as a lack of adequate free space due to congestion, had evolved into the city’s most important challenge.
Damage to the park has led to worries over a stalling in the improvement of air quality in the city.
Metaxourgeio is frequently described as a transition neighborhood.
Local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighborhood have reinforced a sense of community and artistic expression.
This is often regarded as one of the more prestigious areas of the capital.
Hiking and mountain-biking in all four mountains are popular outdoor activities for residents of the city.