Professional Kitchen Design



Have the kitchen you always dreamed of with only the best electrical appliance on offer to suit your individual style, taste and budget.

Any nicks or chips to the paint can be repaired simply be re-spraying the affected area.

Our cabinet doors and colours are grain matched to improve the look and quality of your kitchen.

All our products carry a warranty and/or guarantee as to their life expectancy.


Interior Design Ideas For Kitchens Marble.Com Tv Channel Design Concepts | Duration 2 Minutes 29 Seconds

Stainless Steel Modular Racks by stainlesssteelkitchen.co.in

These are ideal to use in residential settings as well as in commercial purposes.

It has a smooth finish which gives a classy look to the kitchen.

It contains frame cabinets, over lay cabinets and inset doors.

It comprises of wall units and lift pull outs which makes it easy for accessibility for the user.

It comprises of a classy look and is used in both residential as well as commercial purposes.

It has a long service life and is moisture and stain resistant.

Commonly known as single wall kitchen, straight kitchens are most suitable for small kitchens.

The storage cabinets are placed overhead, making it convenient, easier to use and space efficient.

These are equipped with lights and consist of base and wall cabinets and are spacious.

It is manufactured using fine quality glass, stainless steel, wood and granite.

Our array is made of stainless steel and micro porous chrome and is extensively used in hotels and restaurants.

In addition to that, we also offer stainless steel wardrobe and wide range of almirah sets.

It is manufactured using supreme quality steel, aluminium and glass.

The kitchen set is to store every possible kitchen items in it.

These are basically manufactured for meeting the comfort needs of our client’s requirement.



Bianco Antico Granite Kitchen Design | Marble.Com | Duration 1 Minutes 2 Seconds

It is manufactured using fine quality glass, stainless steel.

As the name suggests, purple color scheme is used in this type of kitchens which gives a vibrant look to the kitchen.

It has smartly planned electrical appliances like chimneys and aqua guard.

Latest Interior Decor Trends and Design Ideas For 2019 by indecortrends.com

We will show you below, the most notorious that has been seen for 2018 in this event, one of the largest of its kind worldwide.

Each room exhibited showed how to mix terracotta, peach and rose with green in the right amount.

A soft sofa facing the interior garden can provide great comfort for a relaxing moment in contact with the plants.

It will try to separate the environments for greater comfort and practicality.

It is a perfect color to create an accent in rooms where white and neutral colors predominate, as well as beige and brown.

The worked metal furniture is another great option to use with this style.

They not only contribute to expanding the visual space of the room but also affect the mental attitude of people.

For example, a room with the predominantly white color can be embellished by touches of brighter colors, such as pink or fuchsia.

The minimalist style helps the room to be more elegant, without filling it with furniture and accessories.

You will need a sofa, cupboard or dresser and perhaps paintings.

The walls, according to the new trends, must have very few decorations or none.

Another of the most popular styles is rustic, which combines simplicity and functionality.

The black and gray kitchens can be balanced with some stainless steel and metal surfaces inspired by a commercial and industrial kitchen style.

You can leave straight and sharp edges behind, and instead, use smooth curves and rounded shapes.

They create a very interesting futuristic and minimalist aspect.

This is a great way to renew the look of the kitchen without changing much more.

The marble benches are thinner, even some proposals hide the edges, and is placed behind the cabinets.

The black was used in metal, painted wood and stone, even in the sink.

Unlike the 80s, they will have a natural matte finish and will be used in floors and wall cladding, as well as in chimneys.

It can be used in the manufacture of furniture, but also in the wall covering.

They have been a classic element to decorate luxurious rooms, but their use has become popular in recent years and will have a boom in the years to come.



Interior Design Ideas For Kitchens Part 2 Marble.Com Tv Channel Design Concepts | Duration 2 Minutes 33 Seconds

Also, those that are decorated with nail heads will be used.

The natural texture of the cane or rattan will also be used to add interest to the rooms.

Those who live in houses where the kitchen, living room and dining room are joined, have had problems with the acoustics or the smells of the kitchen that spread throughout the space.

The worn-looking pieces add a lot of texture and personality to a room.

It is a color that also adds a lot of depth to interior spaces.

You can also cover the floor with the wooden floating floor.

Neutral and fresh colors are the main trend of the season for 2019.

Using the basic criteria of this style, you can create a very nice and beautiful environment.

All furniture should preferably be of square shapes and simple lines.

Another option is to use the minimalist style as a basic interior, and as a supplement to choose high-tech finishing materials, with their metallic tones and shiny surfaces.

The cabinets in matte black, as well as in appliances, walls, and ceilings will be used a lot.

Interior Design by britannica.com

Since at least the middle of the 20th century, the term interior decorator has been so loosely applied as to be nearly meaningless, with the result that other, more descriptive terms have come into use.

Indeed, there are many examples of distinguished buildings and interiors that were created and coordinated by one guiding hand.

It is essential, however, that the many specialists who make up a team be able to communicate with each other and have sufficient basic knowledge to carry out their common goals.

The artist is more concerned with emotive or expressive ideas and with the solution of problems he himself poses.

One must note, however, that such understanding requires exposure and learning; an appreciation of any form of art needs such a background.

In some cases the building is meant to be sculpture rather than architecture.

To use function as the only aesthetic criterion would be limiting, but it certainly is a valid consideration to be kept in mind.

Some of the most beautiful objects of the 20th century are beautiful because they were the result of purely functional considerations.

The aesthetic response to an interior and its furnishings must take into consideration the social and economic conditions as well as the materials and technology of the time.

It would also be inappropriate to use modern materials and processes to imitate earlier materials and processes.



Interior Design Ideas For Kitchens Part 3 Marble.Com Tv Channel Design Concepts | Duration 2 Minutes 46 Seconds

All interiors, by definition, occur inside buildings and therefore have a very real relation to these buildings.

This obviously would not have been possible or appropriate if the view from the offices had been unattractive.

Thus, it is sometimes necessary to ignore the ugliness of the building and create an inward-looking beauty if no architectural character exists.

The appropriate atmosphere or character of an in terior must take all the foregoing points into consideration.

The appropriateness of individual, more intimate, and small-scaled interiors is more subtle.

The handling of mass and form even within a small structure can become exciting and beautiful.

Obviously, any of these modifications would totally destroy the beauty and success of that space.

Monotony would also result if all interiors in a given building were of the same colour, material, and textural quality.

The manipulation of space is a matter of both aesthetic and functional consideration.

The sheltered sleeping alcoves in early cave dwellings served not only to express man’s desire for smaller and more intimate spaces for personal use but gave protection from draft or cold.

Textures are important not only for their appearance but also for their sense of touch, and for their effect on light absorption or reflection.

Textures can evoke feelings of elegance (such as silks) or informality (such as rough, tweedy materials).

This same principle can be used in all interior spaces, and contemporary interiors often have skylights or high windows to provide variety and changing patterns of light.

According to this axiom, a line should be divided into two unequal parts, of which the first is to the second as the second is to the whole.

Perhaps the need for “personal” environment and scale can best be understood by considering some extreme examples.

People who fear heights are rarely bothered by the view out of an airplane because the distance to the objects on the ground has transcended normal perceptions of scale.

By the same token, the sculptural ornaments on the tops of early skyscrapers seem absurd today.



Interior Design Ideas For Kitchens Part 4 Marble.Com Tv Channel Design Concepts | Duration 2 Minutes 1 Seconds

If a beautiful 18th-century breakfront (which might be more than eight feet tall) is placed in an apartment with a ceiling height just an inch higher than the piece of furniture, it would obviously look out of scale.

It is now recognized that balance can also be based on asymmetry.

It is more important for a building or space to be expressive of its purpose.

Until fairly recently, many interiors were painted in dark colours, often ignoring the fact that light reflection was adversely affected and that no real contrast or sparkling accent was achieved.

An interior with uniform overhead lighting might be an efficient work space but would lack the character that can be achieved by providing some accent lights in small areas.

Recently, however, a kind of countermovement in the field of painting and sculpture has been influential.

It must above all relate to the building and to the architectural concept.

In spite of the extremely complex sculptural forms used, there is a sequence and clearly balanced rhythm that not only unifies the total composition but clearly relates it to the total architecture.

A very old painting, if it is good, will look well within a contemporary interior; a very modern piece of sculpture can be beautiful within an interior furnished with some beautiful traditional pieces.

Certainly there is no need to match colours of paintings to interiors or to select subject matter in works of art that reflect a particular theme, such as food for dining rooms or hunting scenes for the den.

A crass but typical example is the ubiquitous picture window in suburban housing tracts.

When the view is a beautiful one, it should be possible to plan the interior with the furniture plan and orientation such that seating arrangements can take advantage of the view and yet work for other functions, such as relation to a fireplace or a conversation group, as well.

Buildings such as airports depend upon clear and handsome graphics to make the spaces work and to make them aesthetically cohesive.

The recognition of this fact makes it difficult to apply valid critical criteria to these modes, since many of them are intensely personal.

Formal and informal compositions are relatively easily defined and classified; in fact, this distinction is useful throughout the history of furniture and interiors.

The informal periods usually are associated with rural living or the simpler pieces of furniture made by the local craftsmen in rural areas, where they plied their trade with limited tools, using local woods.

The most widely used wall finish is gypsum board, a prefabricated form of traditional wet plaster.

It is conceivable that future art historians will consider a modern jet plane the crowning artistic achievement of the middle of this century, rather than any building, interior, or conscious art form.

The elegant or ornate interiors that are usually associated with the 18th and 19th centuries were appropriate to the social and economic conditions of the nobility or the wealthy bourgeois who were the original occupants.

Such an interior is alien to the 20th-century way of life and would be totally inappropriate for a contemporary middle class family.



Interior Design Countertops Matter | Duration 6 Minutes 35 Seconds

Many manufacturers try desperately to make plastic look like wood, stone, or just about anything but plastic.

Some aestheticians have compared beauty to truth, and there can be little doubt that honestly expressed functions and honestly expressed materials and manufacturing processes are far more beautiful than fakery and imitation.

The best interiors today, as well as in the past, are those that relate well in character and appropriateness to the particular building.

The most difficult aesthetic consideration is the problem of appropriateness.

A space need not be large and monumental to be aesthetically successful.

Colour is the quality of light reflected from an object to the human eye.

A small entrance vestibule in a building is needed to keep out wind and cold or heat and rain, yet it is equally important in providing a visual transition from outdoors to the interior of the building.

Much in our man-made structures is built of natural materials, and it must be remembered that these materials have natural colours and textures that usually are superior to anything man can create artificially.

Abrasive surfaces or very rough plaster would obviously be unpleasant to the touch and possibly dangerous in an interior, depending upon the use the interior is intended for.

The source of daylight, high overhead or filtered through stained glass, creates exciting patterns of light and shade and a variety of intensities and pools of light.

To a person flying at 30, 000 feet in an airplane, the scale of anything seen on the ground appears so small that he loses touch with the reality of objects.

In a similar manner, a person’s reaction to the scale of a small house is quite different from his reaction to a large high-rise building.

If a space is planned so that all the heavy and massive pieces of furniture are pushed toward one end of the room, with nothing on the other side, the room would obviously look out of balance.

Balance and symmetry, colour, pattern, and repetition used to be a matter of adherence to a tradition.

In many contemporary rooms, however, most surfaces are kept in neutral or light colours, possibly with one wall accented in a strong colour or texture.

A successful interior should be cohesive within each area and cohesive as a totality.

Johnson’s home and its setting appear effortlessly united, with individual parts subordinated to the success of the whole (see photograph ).

Though mural painting was largely neglected in the mid-20th century, in the past great murals have been the planned focal points of interiors and have in a way determined the architecture.

The creation of a world of make-believe is precisely the function of a stage, but in real life it is impossible to divorce a particular interior from everything else around it.

Any work of art, if successful within itself, is “correct” with any interior if properly placed or selected to work with the total space.

Interiors as they relate to landscape or cityscape are sometimes misunderstood by architects.

Often the only view from the window is the picture window of the neighbouring house.

Good architectural graphics have been stressed only in recent years, as a result of the increasing size and complexity of structures.

A related aspect of graphics is the printed matter that is part of certain interior functions.

What may appear to be picturesque to one person might be ugly or cluttered to another.

Formal styles are usually associated with life at court or furnishings for the palatial homes of nobles or a moneyed elite.

Formal furniture, as a rule, leads to formal interior compositions.

10 Most Popular Kitchen Countertops by homedit.com

They can be customized for shape, color, and texture, which is a bonus.

It is similar in look, is sturdy and durable, and is st ylishly versatile in a variety of kitchens.

Bonus: quartz is low maintenance, neither requiring sealing nor resealing.

Soapstone countertops look very sleek and chic and complete the look of a kitchen in a variety of styles.

Glass countertops provide a distinct sense of style without drawing too much attention to themselves.

Unfortunately, as we’re all aware, glass can chip and shows fingerprints and messes quite readily.

Definitely a great option for those who gravitate toward keeping things green.

These benefits come at a price, however; lava stone is one of the most expensive options for kitchen countertops today.

Concrete countertops are durable and, if sealed correctly, are pretty scratch- and heat-resistant.

Concrete countertops are particularly heavy, however, so require substantial support by lower cabinetry; they also can be stained and/or damaged by acidic substances (think lemon juice).

Quartz is a hard, long-lasting substance and its glossy surface is easy to clean with mild soaps.

It’s also fully customizable to any specifications and can be installed without seams.

On the down side, of course, is the fact that stainless steel countertops can and will show every greasy fingerprint and smear, as well as scratches.

Butcher block requires a bit of maintenance, including regular sealing, oiling, and occasionally sanding and/or resurfacing.

They don’t stain easily, are easy to clean (non-porous surface), and are heat-resistant.

The countertops are manufactured out of 100% recycled glass materials; they are also 100% recyclable.

The veining and luxury of marble makes an instant sophisticated statement in any kitchen.

It’s recommended for use in smaller countertop sections, such as an island or baking station, rather than the entire kitchen.

Kitchen and Bath by interiordesign.net

While the new looks in these series are certainly cause for specification, their enhanced performance certainly sweetens the deal, too.

The ranges also feature the most expansive cooking surface in that category, with an added 15% usable space.

The company’s longevity can be ascribed to an impressive portfolio of high-tech and stylish appliances that run the gamut from ranges to dishwashers.

Buzzetta knows that just because a space is small doesn’t mean it can’t make a big statement.

He coordinated the look with wood, brass, and stone accents.

Pristine white trim stands out against the n eutral wall color, emphasizing the beautiful view at the sink.

A striking marble backsplash and elegant arch give the hutch a classic shape.

35 Luxury Kitchens With Dark Cabinets Design Ideas by designingidea.com

The exposed wooden beams on the ceiling and heavy upholstered seats lend to this classic look, while the stainless steel furniture, stone subway tile backsplash and light limestone flooring give it a more modern appeal.

An exaggerated wood-framed architrave through the main hallway leads into the limestone-tiled kitchen, opposed by a rubble stone fireplace on the far side with wooden plate rail.

The stove top is emphasized by 3 small spotlights, and the wash basin is given a rustic feel by the gold drum pendant lamp over it.

The coarse-grained stone tile flooring also adds to the cool tones of the kitchen and is matched by the organic-pattern rug of the dining table.

Unfinished concrete ceilings are the perfect combination to this dark kitchen’s large drawers in dark wood, and matching frosted class aluminum-framed cabinet, mixing industrial with luxe.

A large picture window leading out to the balcony, with walls also in unfinished concrete and overlooking the skyline lend to the industrial feel.

The dark cabinets topped with dark emperador marble countertops are contrasted by the backsplash in small strips of light marble in pale whites and greys mixed with light brown and orange.

The clean lines of the basket weave backsplash and silver linear pendants streamline this industrial style kitchen.

The kitchen itself is fitted with plain dark wood cabinets with barely-there hardware handles and stainless steel countertops and appliances.

The floors also echo the mountainside with its light travertine tiling, as does the backsplash in varying small cuts of grey and white stone.

The random-cut stone floor tiles lend an air of lodge cabin living, while a large mirror emphasized by three small spotlights makes this kitchen a more contemporary functional space.

The grey marble and grey wood elements are echoed in the surrounding overhead cabinets and backsplash, which frames a large picture window framing the mountains.

Knotted wood panel cabinets and drawers are topped with large grey and orange veined marble countertops.

On the other hand, the stainless steel appliances, thin white and grey backsplash and lithe six-bulb pendant lamp give this industrial kitchen some clean, light lines.

Calacatta marble countertops feature a white lightness atop the heavy black painted kitchen island, while the undercounter and hanging cabinets are finished with a grainier dark wood.

Lightness is brought in to the space with clerestory windows over the hanging cabinets, echoed by the small grey tile strip backsplash.

Stainless steel appliances are recessed into the casework, and are supported by the mosaic tile backsplash in bands of white and grey speckles and solid black.

Three crystal pendant lamps hang over the breakfast nook, made up of slid dark wood base and solid black polished stone countertop.

Topped with classic style black speckled brown stone polished countertops, this kitchen goes for the more old school look, and is emphasized by the dainty crystal chandelier with square ceiling rosettes.

The dark paneled wood cabinets, particularly the paneled framing over the recessed stove top provide a dark contrast to the white painted wood kitchen island topped with white polished stone countertop, as well as the white subway tile backsplash running behind the stove top.

With its open concept, the deep blue hue of the couch is a brilliant accent to the subdued tones of the kitchen, and is joined together with warm, hickory wood strip flooring.

The linear beige tile backsplash running all along the back wall is disrupted by the vertical setting of grey mosaic strips over the stove top and range hood, drawing attention to this area.

The countertops are finished with polished beige stone, and the kitchen island provides a contrast with its curved end and white wooden plinth.

A large picture window above the wash basin is framed in black aluminum and its clean lines contrasts with the busy finishes used for the flooring and countertop.

Black paneled kitchen cabinets in a matte sheen highlight the centerpiece and are inlaid with stainless steel appliances and white and grey mosaic tile backsplash.

Stainless steel appliances emphasize this futuristic theme, while the linear travertine tiles provide a natural finish.

The busy marble backsplash speckled with brown, gray and white is contrasted by the linearity of the picture window with paneled wooden curtain cove.

The travertine tiled flooring ties together the entire black and white look with its neutral tones.

The black upholstered dining table seats are echoed in the taller, slimmer bar stools, which face a double level kitchen bench of flushed black polished wood topped with clean white countertops.

Adding to its rustic charm are the cabinets in a dark wood grain with deep lines, exposed beams running along the ceiling, as well as the rusted metal panel with rivets over the kitchen range hood, supported by a classic plate rail and cornice brackets.

The strip wood flooring is in a lighter shade, allowing the other darker elements to stand out in the scene.

This style is further emphasized by the wrought iron grilles by the windows and the crown molding over the stainless steel stove and range hood.

Kitchens with dark cabinets can tend to look dim unless contrasted with lighter countertops, ceiling, lighting or flooring.

The dark cabinetry is matched with a black soapstone counter on the island and has a wood butcher block countertop on each side of the high end range.

Kitchens with dark cabinets that are offset by white walls and light flooring can help keep the balance right in the room.

Black hanging cabinets are topped with accents such as plants and white cases, and have hidden pelmet lighting, illuminating the grey marble countertops and white stone backsplash.

Natural and indoor lighting play a huge part in keeping the right balance between light and dark.

The horizontal striped textiles also lend a quirky edge, and match with the powder blue glass backsplash and stainless steel appliances.

Clerestory windows above the hanging cabinets bring in light to this otherwise darker kitchen.

The kitchen counter stands out with its cool white body and pale stone countertop matched with stainless steel wash basin.

The double pendant lamps over the countertop completely tie the look together.

Stainless steel appliances such as the ref, oven, stovetop and range hood look seamless, flushed down to the casework.

Kitchens with dark cabinets are often paired with white countertops to give a pleasing contrast that home owners love.

The dark wooden casework is topped by dark emperador marble countertops, and are flushed in with modern stainless steel appliances.

A light color backsplash can really help lighten up kitchens with dark cabinets.

Frosted glass cabinets in aluminum framing provide a relief to the busy colors and textures of stone and wood, as does the stainless steel five burner gas stove and range hood.

A galvanized iron finish beneath the kitchen island lends an industrial feel for this kitchen, as does the black painted overhead shelves.

A mirror and lampshade to the side adds a hominess to the dark, clean lines of the kitchen.

With 2 large picture windows facing the mountains outside, the outdoors are brought in with this kitchen’s dark wood grain cabinets and caseworks and black granite countertop.

The lightness of the glass-topped breakfast nook is matched by the three small cone-shaped pendant lamps over it, and contrasted by the kitchen island attached, made of grey marble countertop and massive grey wood cabinetry.

The dark colors in this room are contrasted by the white recessed ceiling above the kitchen and the white subway tile backsplash.

The rest of the kitchen is also fitted with dark wood paneled undercounter drawers and hanging cabinets, and stainless steel appliances.

Natural stone tiles with linear grain contrast with the solid black panel cabinets topped with solid white stone countertop.

A grey long-haired rug by the wash basin provides a change in texture over the solid wood flooring that matches with the dark paneled wood cabinets and casework.

The black painted wood cabinets, and casework blend seamlessly with the recessed stainless steel appliances and is topped with a light brown marble countertop.

Black paneled undercounter drawers and hanging cabinets match with the plain white walls and white mullioned windows looking out into the garden.

The intricate gold chandelier provides the room’s focal point, hanging over the kitchen island, a white slab of polished natural quartz stone rendered light with its wooden pedestals on all four sides.

The blue light them continues above the dark paneled cabinet doors and are echoed by the space gray upholstered chairs by the kitchen bench.

The grey and white glass mosaic tile backsplash and grey polished stone countertops add variety to the linear qualities of the space.

A lot of light is brought into the space with the large picture windows and skylight over the side walkway of the kitchen.

A wrought iron candelabra hangs over the kitchen island with its black glossy stone countertop held up by solid wood plinth and column.

This kitchen benefits from a lot of natural light that is paired with the painted white vaulted ceiling to give this room a lighter feel.

A small brick backsplash is combined with a stainless steel splashboard behind the cooktop that give an industrial vibe.

The pale white tiled backsplash provides lightness to the mostly dark kitchen, and is emphasized by cove lighting beneath the hanging cabinets.

In the room above the light color linear grained stone floor tiles lead from the dining room to the kitchen.

The kitchen island distinguishes itself from the rest of the kitchen casework with its white wooden base, grey tiled frontage and curvilinear cut countertop slab.

See master bedrooms including traditional, rustic, modern, luxury and contemporary.

Ccgranitemarble by ccgranitemarble.com

To achieve a more natural, softer allure, granite’s surface can be honed for a duller, lackluster finish.

Such an edge will appear jagged and provide a truly unique appearance.

This type of surface is often used for outside projects, where moisture (rain ) can accumulate, as it allows for better traction against slithering.

A polished surface has a very smooth feel and a lustrous appearance.

It provides for a worn, antique look- a look which “represents the natural aging of granite”.

Flamed granite, where the surface polish is completely removed, and a rougher surface is exposed, is often used for exterior projects.

Furniture by britannica.com

The functional and decorative aspects of furniture have been emphasized more or less throughout history according to economics and fashion.

In general, furniture produced in the past 5, 000 years has not undergone innovative development in any functional sense.

Heated, it can be bent to a certain extent into a predetermined shape and thereafter will retain the shape.

By juxtaposing wood of different colours, extremely rich effects have been achieved, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Using timber as a basis and applying techniques such as shredding, heating and glueing, it has been possible to evolve new materials.

Old furniture is nearly always veneered on solid wood of an inferior quality to the veneer, such as beech, oak, or deal.

In the 20th century, machine-made laminated board of various thicknesses was generally used.

The board is therefore thick enough to be suitable for table tops or doors.

Greece, bronze, iron, and silver were used for making furniture.

Silver furniture was made for palaces in the days when monarchs amassed enormous wealth.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, iron furniture became a typical industrial product.

As ordinary beds in private homes or hotels, they could be decorated with brass ornaments such as big knobs screwed onto their posts.

The genre was soon imitated, and tubular steel furniture became a symbol of functionalism.

Because of its lightness, aluminum became a furniture material.

The stick-back chair consists of a solid seat into which the legs, back staves, and possibly the armrests are directly mortised (joined by a tenon or projecting part of one piece of wood and mortise or groove in the other piece).

In contrast to the constructional style is stylization, in which there is no internal conformity between the motifs and the strength of the joints.

The serpentine front and sides meet in sharp corners, at which the joints are covered by brass mounts.

There are no stretchers (horizontal rods) between the legs to strengthen the construction, which is solid enough by reason of the thick dimensions of the members that meet in the seat frame.

A chair of this type when painted or gilded looks as if it had been made in one piece.

A piece of furniture may be embellished by effects produced in the structural wood itself or in another kind of wood added to the first; that is, by carving and turning or by inlay work.

Elegant carved headrests took the place of pillows in this hot climate.

In the 17th century, turned work was concentrated on pillars for cupboards and on ball feet but is also seen on chair and table legs, on which rich variations involving twisted and intertwining forms occur.

English grandfather clocks made around 1700 often had richly inlaid cases.

The serpentine sides and fronts of commodes were veneered with costly woods whose often relatively simple grain patterns formed an effective background for richly ornamented mounts of gilded bronze.

Poor heating systems in houses, general prosperity, and a desire for comfort were the conditions that gave rise to a number of imaginatively varied types of upholstered armchairs in which the only wood visible is in the legs, with the back closing right up against the sitter and side wings affording protection from inevitable drafts.

Upholstery was succeeded by molded plastic forms and by sacks filled with plastic balls that are able to conform to the changing positions of the body.

All furniture decoration is normally concentrated where it will not be in the way; for example, on the legs, arms, and backs of chairs; on the ends and canopies of beds; on the legs and stretchers of tables; and on all vertical surfaces of cupboards and chests of drawers.

Purely functional milk stools and typewriting tables are devoid of ornamentation.

At times the ornamentation itself has, in a sense, been functional.

It is thought likely that ceremonial seats and thrones featured animal motifs partly as a magical expression of the transference of power.

Even in the furniture of antiquity it is difficult to differentiate between the symbolic and the aesthetic in decorative features.

While most other forms (except the bed) are intended to support objects, the chair supports the human form.

The social history of the chair is as interesting as its history as an art and craft.

At the old royal courts there were social distinctions between sitting on a chair with arms, on a chair with a back but no arms, and having to make do with a stool.

As a furniture form, the chair encompasses a wealth of variations.

Furniture ranges widely from the simple pine chest or stick-back country chair to the most elaborate marquetry work cabinet or gilded console table.

Chairs are always for sitting in, but some are more comfortable or highly ornamented than others.

Although there are over a hundred different kinds that can be used for furniture, some woods have natural properties that make them superior to the others.

It can be shaped by means of hand- or power-operated cutting and drilling tools.

The grain in wood creates a structure with varying character, which in itself provides a natural ornamental surface, in which patterns can be formed by means of precalculated juxtapositions.

It would hardly be possible to achieve such a surface by using solid wood, partly because of the expense, partly because of its brittleness, and partly because the grain can never be shown off to its best advantage when the timber is cut into solid boards.

Saw-cut veneer is of the highest quality, but because of the relatively large loss of wood in the form of sawdust, it is also the most expensive.

Veneering is done on carcass wood, either in the form of a solid surface or a surface composed of several layers glued together.

The advantage of ready-made laminated board is that it does not shrink.

The characteristic feature of laminated board is that the veneer on both sides encloses a wooden board composed of narrow strips of wood glued together on edge.

If laminated board consists only of single sheets of veneer glued together, it is known as plywood.

Various examples of silver furniture have been preserved; not solid metal, they consist of embossed (decorated with relief) or chased (hammered) plates of silver fastened to a wooden core.

Experiments were made with steel springs and chromiumplated steel tubing.

Italian craftsmen have made glass furniture; that is, wooden furniture covered with silvered glass in various colours.

Mother-of-pearl has been used, particularly as inlay material and for keyhole escutcheons.

Constructional details and joints are not normally visible and are, therefore, seldom of aesthetic importance to the external appearance, but joints can be emphasized artistically.

The curvature of the legs and of the backrest suggests elasticity.

Stick-back and tubular steel chairs are also examples of constructional styles.

There have been any number of examples of stylization throughout the history of furniture.

Chinese furniture can also appear stylized in the sense that it gives an impression of having been put together in a more constructive manner than is actually the case.

The number and position of the drawers is concealed by an overall pattern of veneer and bronze ornament that disregards the edges of the drawers.

The back, arms, and frame form a continuous whole; the difference between supported and supporting members is concealed.

To counteract the impression of heaviness in these essentially thick dimensions, the wood is molded to give a sensation of lightness without in any way weakening the construction.

Although the motif was widely known, its origins are obscure.

By mid-20th century, new materials such as foam rubber and various types of plastic composition had inspired independent methods that dispensed entirely with traditional upholstery techniques.

On the other hand, no period in the history of furniture is entirely devoid of these secondary processes.

The superfluous nature of furniture decoration is particularly pronounced in forms that express rank or prestige.

This division can be noted with varying clarity throughout the history of furniture.

Egyptian furniture shows a much wider development of furniture legs based on animal models.

It is clear, however, that the animal world has always been one of the primary sources of ornamental motifs in furniture.

Next to the animal world—and of more recent origin—architecture is the most important source of decorative motifs in furniture.

The fronts of very big, heavy cupboards particularly lent themselves to architectonic composition corresponding to the portals and gables of houses.

The influence of architecture on furniture can also manifest itself in a lack of ornament.

The chair is not merely a physical support and an aesthetic object; it is also an indicator of social rank.

In the 20th century the director’s or manager’s chair became an indicator of superior dignity, and even in democratic parliaments the speaker sits on a raised level.

There are chairs that can be folded up, chairs on wheels, and chairs on runners.

Granite Design Fabrication and Installation In Milwaukee by graniteplususa.com

Granite is a popular choice for kitchen and bathroom surfaces due to its ability to resist stains, scratches and weathering, and hold substantial weight.

We also supply and install granite tile for floors, walls, backsplashes and more.

Our free, fast granite quotes are accurate, providing an honest estimate within 1 business day.

Homeowners are using granite for their bathroom countertops and vanities, outdoor living areas, window sills and table tops.

Granite is affordable and one of the highest quality materials on the market today.

To further protect your kitchen and bathroom countertops, keep them clean and well-sealed.

Although special granite cleaners and some all-purpose cleaners are safe for granite, all you really need is warm water, gentle dish soap, and a washcloth or microfiber cloth.

For water spots, add a small amount of hydrogen peroxide to the baking soda to form a thick paste.

Leave the solution on the countertop for three to five minutes before cleaning up with water and a clean cloth.

Some types of dark-colored granite are dense enough to resist the majority of stains on their own, while others require regular sealing.

If the water soaks into the granite, the stone needs to be sealed.

Granite offers several benefits and unique aesthetic qualities.

Granite is more durable and less likely to become stained, chipped or scratched.

As far as appearance, granite is speckled and comes in a variety of colors.

The non-porous surface of quartz makes it more stain resistant and requires less upkeep than granite.

The two stones can be hard to tell apart from a distance as they have a similar speckled appearance.

Whether you choose granite, marble or quartz for your stonework, our fabricators and installers will offer a free fast quote and considerate service.

When cut and polished to a brilliant sheen, granite makes a beautiful material for a variety of decorative uses within the home.

We produce granite cut to size for countertops, tabletops, vanities and any other type of granite fabrication you need.

Due to its infinite amount of benefits, granite is increasing in popularity for other applications around the home.

Granite, when cared for properly can be used and enjoyed for a lifetime.

We now have a surplus of granite remnants—and we want to pass the savings on to you!

For instance, although granite resists scratching, use a cutting board rather than cutting directly on the countertop to avoid damaging the surface.

Even though granite is generally heat resistant, use a pot holder or trivet under hot pots and pans, especially during winter when the stone is particularly cold.

Avoid using harsh cleaners and chemicals (such as bleach, ammonia, and vinegar) or abrasive sponges, as these weaken and break down the sealant over time.

To prevent streaking and water damage and leave the stone shining, dry with a soft microfiber cloth or terry cloth.

Baking soda is an essential ingredient to remove stains from your natural stone counters.

To ensure a disinfected surface, spray the counter with a 50/50 mix of water and 91% isopropyl alcohol.

How do you know if your granite needs to be sealed, or resealed?

Marble is usually gray, white or cream colored with dark veins, although there are pale green and pink types of marble.

Both granite and quartz are durable and can last a lifetime with proper care.

Granite sometimes costs more than quartz but is harder to scratch and can be used outdoors, such as for patio tables.

Quartz tends to be more resistant to acidic foods and cleaning liquids.

All rocks have a small amount of radioactivity in them however the levels are small fractional values of established thresholds for environmental safety.

Get a free price quote for granite countertops or other granite fabrications.

Interior Design Ideas by homebunch.com

Like always, find a quiet spot, a comfy chair and allow yourself to get away for a few moments of peace.

This white kitchen is all about white marble – white marble countertops and white marble backsplash tile.

A farmhouse sink with aged brass faucet is flanked by two stainless steel dishwashers.

This stacked stone fireplace features a granite slab at the ledge.

They are screwed in with wood blocking so you dont see anything.

They are screwed in with wood blocking so you don’t see anything.

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